The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo has a rich and complex history. From its Ottoman origins, the city became an industrial centre during the years of its Austro-Hungarian occupation, and was the site of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 (the catalyst for WWI). As a part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Sarajevo hosted the 1984 Winter Olympic Games, providing an ideal location with its nearby mountains and skifields. As Yugoslavia collapsed, this pillar of tolerance and multi-ethnic harmony found itself under siege for almost four years, enduring daily shelling and sniper attacks. The city held out, and is today a vibrant and fascinating place with a friendly and safe atmosphere and a relaxed cafe culture.
About Bosnia and Herzegovina:
Situated on the Balkan Penninsula, Bosnia and Herzegovina is bordered by Croatia (to the North, South and West), Serbia (to the East) and Montenegro (to the Southeast). It is prevented from being landlocked by its 26km of Adriatic coastline, of which Neum is the principal town. Although there are flatlands to the North, most of the country is mountainous, and the capital Sarajevo is set amongst the Dinaric Mountain Range, making it an ideal place for skiing during the winter and hiking in the warmer months.